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Black Radicalism

Black Radicalism

Abdell, Joy. L. “African/American: Lorraine Hansberry’s Les Blancs and the American Civil Rights Movement.” African American Review 35 (2001): 459-70.

Anderson, Michael. “Lorraine Hansberry’s Freedom Family.” In Red Activists and Black Freedom: James and Esther Jackson and the Long Civil Rights Revolution edited by David Levering Lewis, Michael H. Nash, and Daniel J. Leab. Published as a special issue of American Communist History. NY: Routledge, 2009

Baraka, Amiri “A Critical Reevaluation: A Raisin in the Sun’s Enduring Passion.” In A Raisin in the Sun and The Sign in Sidney Brustein’s Window, edited by Robert Nemiroff. With a new Foreword by Jewell Handy Gresham-Nemiroff, a Note by Robert Nemiroff, and critical Essays by Amiri Baraka and Frank Rich. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.

Biondi, Martha. To Stand and Fight: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Postwar New York. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003

Bond, Jean Carey, ed. “Lorraine Hansberry: Art of Thunder, Vision of Light.” Freedomways: A Quarterly Review of the Freedom Movement. Vol. 19, No. 4 (Special Issue 1979).

Cruse, Harold. The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual: A Historical Analysis of the Failure of Black Leadership. NY: Quill Press, 1984 [1967].

Davis, Ossie. “The Significance of Lorraine Hansberry,” Freedomways: A Quarterly Review of the Freedom Movement (Summer 1985). 

Effiong, Phillip Uko. “History, Myth, and Revolt in Lorraine Hansberry’s Les Blancs.” African American Review Vol. 3 No. 2 (1998): 274.

Gaines, Kevin. “From Center to Margin: Internationalism and the Origins of Black Feminism.” In Materializing Democracy: Toward a Revitalized Cultural Politics, edited by Russ Castronovo and Dan D. Nelson, 294–313. Durham: Duke University Press, 2002. 

Gomez, Jewelle. “Lorraine Hansberry: Uncommon Warrior.” In Reading Black, Reading Feminist: A Critical Anthology, edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., 301–317. NY: Meridian, 1990.

Gordon, Michelle Y. “Somewhat Like War”: The Aesthetics of Segregations, Black Liberation, and A Raisin in the Sun.” In Representing Segregation: Toward an Aesthetics of Living Jim Crow, and Other Forms of Racial Division, edited by Norman, Brian and Piper Kendrix Williams, editors. Albany: University Press of New York, 2010.

Gore, Dayo F., Jeanne Theoharis, and Komozi Woodward, eds. Want to Start a Revolution? Radical Women in the Black Freedom Struggle. NY: New York University Press, 2009.

Gruesser, John. “Lies That Kill: Lorraine Hansberry’s Answer to Heart of Darkness in Les Blancs.” In New Readings in American Drama, edited by Norma Jenckes, 44. New York: Peter Lang, 2002.

Higashida, Cheryl. “To Be (Come) Young, Gay and Black: Lorraine Hansberry’s Existentialist Routes to Anticolonialism.” American Quarterly Vol. 60, No. 4 (2008): 899–924.

Higashida, Cheryl. Black Internationalist Feminism: Women Writers of the Black Left 1945–1995. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2013.

hooks, bell. "Raisin in a New Light." Christianity and Crisis Vol. 49 No. 1 (February 1989): 21-3.

Iton, Richard. In Search of the Black Fantastic: Politics and Popular Culture in the Post-Civil Rights Era. US: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Joseph, Peniel E. “An Emerging Mosaic: Rewriting Postwar African American History.” In A Companion to African-American Studies, edited by Lewis R. Gordon and Jane Anna Gordon, 440–416. MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2006.

Joseph, Peniel E. Waiting ‘Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America. NY: Henry Holt, & Co., 2006

Keppel, Ben. The Work of Democracy: Ralph Bunche, Kenneth B. Clark, Lorraine Hansberry, and the Politics of Race Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995. 

Killens, John Oliver, Ossie Davis, Owen Dodson, and James Baldwin, “The Negro Writer in America: A Symposium.” Negro Digest (June 1963): 54–65.

Killens, John Oliver. “Lorraine Hansberry: On Time!” in Freedomways Reader: Prophets in Their Own Country, edited by Esther Cooper Jackson, 337. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000.

Lieberman, Robbie. “‘Measure Them Right”: Lorraine Hansberry and the Struggle for Peace.” Science & Society Vol. 75, No. 2 (April 2011): 206–235.

Lieberman, Robbie. “Another Side of the Story: African American Intellectuals Speak Out for Peace and Freedom during the Early Cold War Years.” In Anticommunism and the African American Freedom Movement: “Another Side of the Story,” edited by Robbie Lieberman and Clarence Lang. NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Lipari, Lisbeth. “The Rhetoric of Intersectionality: Lorraine Hansberry’s 1957 Letters to the Ladder.” In Queering Public Address: Sexualities in American Historical Discourse, edited by Charles E. Morris, III, 220–248. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2007.

Maxwell, William. “Total Literary Awareness: Why Cold War Hooverism Pre-read Afro-Modernist Writing.” In American Literature and Culture in an Age of Cold War: A Critical Reassessment, edited by Steven Belletto and Daniel Grausam, 17–36. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2012.

Maxwell, William. FB Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover’s Ghostreaders Framed African American Literature. Princeton: Princeton University Press, forthcoming 2014.

Mayfield, Julian. “Lorraine Hansberry: A Woman for All Seasons.” Freedomways, No.19 (1979): 265.

Nemiroff, Robert. “From these Roots: Lorraine Hansberry and the South.” Southern Exposure Vol. 12 (1984): 34.

Parks, Sheri. “In My Mother’s House: Black Feminist Aesthetics, Television, and A Raisin in the Sun.” In Black Feminist Cultural Criticism. US: Wiley-Blackwell, 2001.

Parks, Sheri. “In My Mother’s House: Traditional Black Feminism in the PBS production of A Raisin in the Sun.” Theatre and Feminist Aesthetic, edited by Karen Louise Laughlin and Catherine Schuler. Madison: Fairleigh 

Redmond, Shana L. Anthem: Social Movements and the Sound of Solidarity In the African Diaspora. NY: New York University Press, 2013.

Rich, Adrienne. “The Problem with Lorraine Hansberry.” Freedomways: A Quarterly Review of the Freedom Movement Vol. 19 No. 14 (1979): 247–255

Sharadha, Y. S. Black Women’s Writing: Quest for Identity in the Plays of Lorraine Hansberry and Ntozake Shange. Delhi: Sangam Books, Ltd., 1998. 

Tyrkus, Michael J., ed. “Lorraine Hansberry,” Gay & Lesbian Biography. Detroit: St. James Press, 1997. 

Washington, Mary Helen. “Alice Childress, Lorraine Hansberry, and Claudia Jones: Black Women Write the Popular Front.” In Left of the Color Line: Race, Radicalism, and Twentieth-Century Literature of the United States, edited by Bill V. Mullen and James Smethurst, 183–204. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Wilkerson, Margaret B. "The Dark Vision of Lorraine Hansberry: Excerpts from a Literary Biography." The Massachusetts Review Vol. 28 No. 4 (1987): 642-650.

Wilkerson, Margaret B. “Excavating Our History: The Importance of Biographies of Women of Color.” Black American Literature Forum 24 (1990): 78–79.

Wilkerson, Margaret B. “Lorraine Hansberry: The Complete Feminist.” Freedomways: A Quarterly Review of the Freedom Movement Vol. 19 No. 4 (1979): 235–255.

Wilkerson, Margaret B. “Political Radicalism and Artistic Innovation in the Works of Lorraine Hansberry.” In African American Performance and Theater History: A Critical Reader, edited by Harry Elam Jr. and David Krasner, 40–55. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Wilkerson, Margaret B. "The Sighted Eyes and Feeling Heart of Lorraine Hansberry." Black American Literature Forum,  Vol 17 No. 1 (1983): 8-13.

Wilkins, Fanon Che. “Beyond Bandung: The Critical Nationalism of Lorraine Hansberry, 1950–1965.” Radical History Review 95 (Spring 2006): 191–210.

Welch, Rebeccah. “Spokesman of the Oppressed? Lorraine Hansberry at Work:The Challenge of Radical Politics in the Postwar Era.” Souls Vol. 9 (2007): 302–319.


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